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Mourning PhilologyArt and Religion at the Margins of the Ottoman Empire$
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Marc Nichanian

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780823255245

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823255245.001.0001

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Orientalism and Neo-Archeology

Orientalism and Neo-Archeology

(p.66) Chapter 3 Orientalism and Neo-Archeology
Mourning Philology

Marc Nichanian

G. M. Goshgarian

Jeff Fort

Fordham University Press

This chapter takes another step into the past, toward the moment that inaugurated the national imagination and the beginnings of philology. The intent is here to show that the national imagination made its debut in the 1810s under the mantle of archeology, by forcibly establishing the necessity for a voyage toward the self. The national imagination is described in the context of orientalism, an orientalism that remains unintelligible without taking into account its realization in the midst of the ethnographic nations, as well as the phenomenon of “autoscopic mimicry” and the figure of the native, i.e. both the “orientalization” of the gaze (as described by Edward Said and Stathis Gourgouris) and the historicization of the object (as described by Michel Foucault). Because the American reception of Said's Orientalism has never explicitly highlighted its treatment of philology and never read it as a critique of philology, the chapter also engages in a rewriting of this critique.

Keywords:   Neo-archeology, Orientalism, Autoscopic mimicry, Historicization, Philology, Ethnographic nations

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