This chapter discusses the subject of presidential inability and who should determine its existence and termination. The founders thought they had handled the question adequately in drafting the clause in the Constitution on presidential succession. For the first fifty-two years of the existence of the presidency, no president died in office. Before the adoption of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment, however, the country had to deal with President Madison’s inability, President Harrison’s death, President Taylor’s death, President Lincoln’s death, President Garfield’s inability, Vice President Arthur’s inability, President Cleveland’s inability, President McKinley’s death, President Wilson’s inability, President Harding’s death, President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s inability, President Eisenhower’s inability, and President Kennedy’s death.
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