This chapter provides a close analysis of the lecture course Phenomenological Interpretations of Aristotle: Initiation into Phenomenological Research (G 61). It focuses on the notion of ruinance from this lecture course. Initially, it looks at the triadic structure of the life-world, namely the self-world, the surrounding-world, and the with-world. It emphasizes the temporal structure of these worlds by showing the caring movement of life into them. Next it describes the basic categories of life. These are Inclination, Distance, Blocking-off, and Making Things Easy. These categories indicate the ways in which life identifies itself with the world so closely that it ends up losing itself in the world and its distractions. Each category, however, delineates the way that life is in a temporal relation with the world and the way in which that temporality gets covered over. This is the real meaning of ruinance, namely, the concealing of life's temporal constitution. It then takes up two critical structures, relucence and prestructuring. These are directions of life's facticity that show how the temporality of life is enlightened within the categories of ruinance. Lastly, the chapter looks at the structures of counter-ruinance, which are openness, care, wanting, and questioning.
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