Linda Martín Alcoff's essay develops three concepts relevant to understanding the conditions of Latinas/os in the United States. The first concept is anti-Latino racism, which becomes lost in the black-white binary discussion of racism. The author's analysis shows that racism is not a “one-size fits-all category,” so antiracist responses cannot be either. The second concept that Martín Alcoff explicates is “ethnoracism,” a term used to describe those “who have both ethnic and racialized characteristics, who are a historical people with customs and conventions developed out of collective agency, but who are also identified and identifiable by bodily morphology that allows for both group affinity and group exclusion.” Finally, Martín Alcoff discusses identity proliferation, arguing that analysing and accounting for specificities enhances the ability to see more clearly the need for negotiation and compromise in order to make common cause.
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