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Angels of MercyWhite Women and the History of New York's Colored Orphan Asylum$
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William Seraile

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780823234196

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823234196.001.0001

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Harlem, 1884–1906

Harlem, 1884–1906

(p.97) 5 Harlem, 1884–1906
Angels of Mercy

William Seraile

Fordham University Press

The first half of 1884 was a busy period in the life of the Colored Orphan Asylum (COA). Despite its early intent to care specifically for orphans, the institution now had more half-orphans and destitute or neglected children than orphans. To better reflect the mission of an institution that also admitted children sent by magistrates for delinquency, a new name was in order. Consequently, the Association for the Benefit of Colored Orphans in the City of New York became, effective on July 1, 1884, the COA and Association for the Benefit of Colored Children. The task of finishing the building, a duty that had eluded the managers for nearly two decades, was greatly aided by the $10,225 legacy of Samuel Willets and the sale of railroad bonds. The institution reached a milestone at the end of 1885 and a few fortunate ones were sent to Hampton Normal Institute in Virginia.

Keywords:   orphans, half-orphans, delinquency, Colored Orphan Asylum, Samuel Willets, Hampton Normal Institute

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