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A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865$
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George Washington Williams

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780823233854

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823233854.001.0001

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Negro Troops in Battle—Department of the South (1862–1865)

Negro Troops in Battle—Department of the South (1862–1865)

(p.128) 9 Negro Troops in Battle—Department of the South (1862–1865)
A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865

George Washington Williams

Fordham University Press

South Carolina had set the other States a dangerous example in its attempts at nullification under President Andrew Jackson's administration, and was not only first in seceding, but fired the first shot of the slave-holders' rebellion against the laws and authority of the United States government. It was eminently fitting, then, that the first shot fired at slavery by Negro soldiers should be aimed by the ex-slaves of the haughty South Carolina rebels. It was poetic justice that South Carolina Negroes should have the priority of obtaining the Union uniform, and enjoy the distinction of being the first Negro soldiers to encounter the enemy in battle. And the honor belongs to Massachusetts in furnishing a graduate of Harvard College, Thomas Wentworth Higginson, as the first colonel to lead the First South Carolina Negro Regiment of Volunteers.

Keywords:   South Carolina, Negro soldiers, Andrew Jackson, nullification, rebellion, slavery, Negroes, Union, Massachusetts, Thomas Wentworth Higginson

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