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A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865$
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George Washington Williams

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780823233854

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823233854.001.0001

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The Fort Pillow Massacre (1864)

The Fort Pillow Massacre (1864)

(p.182) 12 The Fort Pillow Massacre (1864)
A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865

George Washington Williams

Fordham University Press

Fort Pillow was in Tennessee, about forty miles from Memphis. The garrison consisted of 295 men of the Thirteenth Tennessee Union Cavalry, under the command of Major W. F. Bradford, and 262 men of the Sixth United States Heavy Artillery (Negroes), making 557 men in total, all under the command of Major L. F. Booth, of the Artillery. The slave system made the entire South brutal, and many soldiers of the Confederate army were exceedingly cruel to prisoners. There were two classes of troop in the Union army against whom the rebels manifested at all times the most bitter feeling: Union white Southerners and ex-slaves. The rebels despised the latter for fighting against their old masters and for their freedom; they hated the former on account of their loyal sentiments and association with Negroes in arms. One of the most cruel exhibitions of Confederate malice was the massacre of the garrison of Fort Pillow after it had surrendered. The massacre occurred in April 1864, led by Major-general N. B. Forrest.

Keywords:   Fort Pillow, Tennessee, W. F. Bradford, L. F. Booth, massacre, Confederate army, Union army, Negroes, N. B. Forrest

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