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A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865$
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George Washington Williams

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780823233854

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823233854.001.0001

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In the Mississippi Valley (1863)

In the Mississippi Valley (1863)

(p.152) 10 In the Mississippi Valley (1863)
A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865

George Washington Williams

Fordham University Press

By some fateful fortuitous circumstance, the first fighting of Negro troops in the Mississippi Valley during the War of the Rebellion was as severe and fruitless as that of their brethren and comrades in the Department of the South. Port Hudson and Fort Wagner, where Negro soldiers earned their reputation for valor, were much alike. Both were strongly fortified; one was protected by a bayou under its very guns, the other had made captive the ocean in its treacherous trenches; and in each instance, the service to be performed demanded the highest qualities of courage, steadiness, endurance, and prompt obedience. The battle of Milliken's Bend will always rank as one of the hardest-fought actions of the Civil War. The battle of Poison Springs in Arkansas was one of those decisive engagements wherein individual valor is severely tested and conspicuously displayed. Colonel J. M. Williams was in command of a train-guard comprising the First Kansas Negro Volunteers, the Eighteenth Iowa Infantry, and a detachment of the Second Kansas Cavalry.

Keywords:   Negro soldiers, Mississippi Valley, War of Rebellion, Port Hudson, Fort Wagner, Milliken's Bend, Poison Springs, J. M. Williams

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