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Southern Thought and Other Essays on the Mediterranean$
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Franco Cassano, Norma Bouchard, and Valerio Ferme

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780823233649

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823233649.001.0001

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Albert Camus: The Need for Southern Thought

Albert Camus: The Need for Southern Thought

(p.63) Chapter 5 Albert Camus: The Need for Southern Thought
Southern Thought and Other Essays on the Mediterranean

Franco Cassano

Fordham University Press

Albert Camus is a thinker of friction who questions not only the teleology of Christianity, Marxism, and the philosophies of history in post-Kantian ideology, but upholds values that are no longer current in modernity, such as a Donquixotesque notion of honor. Focusing on Camus, this chapter revisits Greek culture. In 1937, against a background marked by dictatorship, empire building, and racism, Camus delivered the lecture “The New Mediterranean Culture” (1937) on the occasion of the inauguration of the Maison de la Culture in Algiers. He not only targeted the aggressive ideologies that were seeking to establish the superiority of one culture over another, but sought to counter them through a humanistic foundation of tolerance and respect for the other as it is posited in Mediterranean civilizations. This chapter discusses Camus's Southern thought and his views on history and nihilism, revolt and moderation, and fraternity in frailty and guilt, and also considers poverty and the South, style and honor, and aristocracy and freedom.

Keywords:   Albert Camus, Mediterranean, culture, Christianity, nihilism, revolt, moderation, fraternity, guilt

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