Albert Bigelow Paine's fourth volume of Mark Twain: A Biography is more detailed than his other three because it records the few years of Clemens's life vividly. Paine is clear and equivocal in his treatment of Clemens's accelerating to varieties of determinism, and this determinism is the measure of Clemens's late-life unhappiness with himself and the world. Poor Clemens was constantly prey to emotional descents, even in the midst of the prophylactic pleasures with which he filled so much of his time. Though Paine claims that Clemens is resilient, Clemens life is still abound with anger, bitterness, and self-loathing.
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