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Voluptuous PhilosophyLiterary Materialism in the French Enlightenment$
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Natania Meeker

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780823226962

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823226962.001.0001

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Voluptuous Figures: Lucretian Materialism in Eighteenth-Century France

Voluptuous Figures: Lucretian Materialism in Eighteenth-Century France

Chapter:
(p.17) 1. Voluptuous Figures: Lucretian Materialism in Eighteenth-Century France
Source:
Voluptuous Philosophy
Author(s):

Natania Meeker

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823226962.003.0002

In the “Discours préliminare” prefacing his 1768 translation of Lucretius's De rerum natura, Charles-Joseph Panckoucke describes the poem as “the boldest work that any human being had ever dared compose.” For French Enlightenment intellectuals, the open embrace of Epicurean doctrine could easily devolve into serious accusations of atheism and libertinage. Nonetheless, the spectral presence of Lucretius haunts eighteenth-century science with remarkable persistence. The reemergence of an explicit interest in Lucretius's poem that takes place in the latter half of the eighteenth century in France seems unsurprising in this context—part of a generalized philosophical response to a new, and more openly secular, critical imperative.

Keywords:   Epicurean doctrine, atheism, libertinage, Lucretius, De rerum natura, French Enlightenment, materialism

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